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Week 6 & 7

By: ryanjb19951


In the week 6 tutorial we discussed web accessibility and how it can be an issue. We are in a digital age today and the use of web has widely spread across areas of society. It is what makes today, today and without the internet it would make life that little bit harder. I learned why web accessibility is an issue in today’s society. For example, people who have disabilities may find web pages hard to use because of one or more of their senses might not completely work. Millions of people around the world have disabilities that affect their access to the Web. Here are some examples of the design requirements for people with different types of disabilities; Visuals: some type of graphics, videos and extra support using the keyboards and screen readers. Hearing: Perhaps subtitled for audio or certain set captioning. Neurological: No flashing or strobe style lightning on the website in case of epilepsy. This is an important subject to discuss and it is better that people are taking it into consideration more now and people are more aware.

We also carried on with accessibility into the following week but we learned about the legal side of things as well when it comes to accessibility. The tutor told us about the Disability Discrimination Act or 1995 to 2005 and the Special Educational Needs and Disabilities Act of 2001.

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Week 4 & 5

By: ryanjb19951


In these two weeks I have learnt quite a lot of information.  It started off by learning about the WWW and the various ethics that comes with it. It is also about being able to understand the WWW and to the ethics that come with it. Having understood this, the teacher told us to do a quick five minute activity with a student next to us. We were asked to discuss between us what kind of behaviour is expected from those you communicate with on social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter. Most people said that they would expect to be treated well online and would want others to be treated the same. This comes along side WWW ethics as it is how you would like to be treated online and how you are supposed to treat someone online and with what kind of behaviour.

We spoke about ‘Digital ID’ and how it allows a much easier online interaction and log in system. The majority of people online today will have a digital Identity one way or another. Looking at data, over the past 20 years it has developed a lot and is still on the up-rise. One example of this is how apps and websites now only require you to log on through Facebook or Google. This is a much simpler and more effective way. However digital Identity comes with disadvantages as well as advantages. Some of these disadvantages are how it is difficult to control as there is so much information. There is also ID fraud whereas CIFAS had recorded over 111,000 frauds from January to June 2014. I learnt this and some other statistics during week 4 in my lecture. I had also learnt that the figures have risen by 10%. This is quite a shock as online information such as Digital ID’s should be more secure.  


In my tutorials especially in week 5 we had learnt about CSS and the main advantages. What Cascade Style Sheets do is allow us to add structure and style to our webpage. It will add colour, pictures and make it look a lot more presentable. Back when the WWW had started the use of CSS was minimal or maybe non-existent. Comparing websites now to 10 years ago they have changed a lot with presentation and design. We learnt in this week that for a CSS to work alongside the HTML page it has to be saved with a .css extension. There are also different types of list styles such as UL and LI and OL and LI. There is also so many fonts, colours etc to take into consideration when writing your CSS. There is much different type of colour codes but the main ones are HEX and you can type the colour. This would like this, ‘color: ‘Blue’; The word color has to be American for it to understand.

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Validating your HTML & CSS code

By: ZeenatPatel

 

In my module I made a website which I was pretty proud of as I have never used HTML or even CSS. Not just that I hadn’t created a website ever before. Do check my website out and give me feedback on it. http://posd.me.uk/students/btc038/new%20website.html

I decided to keep practicing on working on my website and to challenge myself to improve on it more. Just so in can better myself and not forgot how to code.

Something I didn’t know was, having to validate the code once it’s completed. Now for the ones that don’t know what validate actually means it’s basically a technical filled jargon way of referring to the use of a computer program or even your website to see if the code is error free. No matter what you use just CSS for the style of your page or even HTML you have to validate your code. Whether you hand-code it using Notepad ++ or even Dreamweaver, regardless of what you use you have to validate the code. See if there are any errors, if so edit them and re-validate to see if the code is error free.

The reason we have to validate our code is because when there are errors in the webpage, the browsers usually make it function in many different ways. Some browsers would simply just ignore the broken errors, but other browsers may not ignore the errors and they make an assumption on what the web designer was trying to achieve and, something else turns up instead of the actual design, the web designer had planned. When a search engine obtain your web page they have to make a decision according to your code, if the errors get picked up then it wont’s function as planned and also as efficient.

Something that gets a lot of people lazy and no fix the errors is when, they open the webpage in a certain browser, and it functions perfectly as they planned. Not realising it may not do the same on other webpages. Which then leads them to ignore the errors. What you really want is, the website working on every browser available and for it to function the way you had planned it to function. (Heng, 2015)

Validation ties in perfectly with what we have learnt over the course of the semester, as its taking testing to a further step. Validating and testing is a big part of system development. To stop people (and computers for this matter) jumping to conclusions validate and revalidate your code to ensure it remains error free! Treat your website like a triathlon, you have to train for three different events and remain versatile, ensure your website is like an athlete in training.

It is vital to validate you code, make sure you do it! It has to work on every browser. Once you start its pretty simple and easy to get on with. Don’t forget to check my website out and see if it works on your favourite browser.

Bibliography

Cdn.scherrtech.com, 2015. Web. 7 May 2015.2.  Heng, Christopher. 'What Is HTML And CSS Validation? Should You Validate Your Web Page? (Thesitewizard.Com)'. Thesitewizard.com. 2015. Web. 7 May 2015.

 

 

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development system.

By: irenemayombu

Hello everyone today hope you guys are having a lovely day.

 I am going to talk about week 4 and 5 of our development system.

In the week 4 of our lecture we had catching up the teacher spoke about independent learning the slide had information about the difference between IT and IS.

We also spoke about Ethics, what is ethics well ethics more about the online world so like what people expect once they are on connected on the internet. We had a five minute class activity just to discuss a little bit of the social network, myself and my other 4 classmate we discussed about the most popular site that everyone has been talking about and that is Facebook. Well can I just say well all had different opinions about the expectations this is what some of us said:

1. Facebook is where people can keep in touch with theirs friends and families

2. Facebook is where you can find long lost friends.

3. Facebook is also a place where you can expect to be bullied.

We had a question in one of the slide stating who owns the internet??Do you know the answer to it if yes that is good and if not then please do some research. Apparently the Americans do own the internet.

WEEK 4 OF TUTORIALS

It was more about expanding our first html and spoke about web design and its content and the usability.

Week 5

The lecture in week five was about computer system and the learning outcomes of the lessons: the data capture, computer system, management information, group work, feedback of group work.

So data capture is when using keyboard to enter data in a form of data capture tech here are some example:

Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) and electronic forms, Speech recognition and others which I have not stated here they all have their uses and also limitations.

  • Computers system has five parts and these are
  • Tetworks,
  •  Telecommunications,
  •  software: it controls the work of hardware like Microsoft,
  • Database where information are collected and organized in such a way that a computer programmed can quickly select desired pieces of data.
  •  Hardware: printers, display screens and keyboards.

The five parts together it collects, manipulate, store and process data to information.

As a group we were asked to consider the different type of transportation and try to identify the corresponding types of public information and to also identify the number and type of computer system needed to run the system.

Week 5 tutorial.

In week five of our tutorial we had to learn more information about CSS and webpage layout.

The advantages of CSS is that it has a smaller html file size and also it ease maintenance.

How to link a CSS size <link> element in <head>…</head>

  • <link rel="stylesheet” href=“mystyle.css"
    type="text/css”>.
  •  

It is easier for you to understand this particular topic if you do some research on it you can have a look on YouTube there are many videos and examples to help you understand.

Thank you all for your time and until next time take care

BYE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                         

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development system.

By: irenemayombu

Hello everyone today hope you guys are having a lovely day.

 I am going to talk about week 4 and 5 of our development system.

In the week 4 of our lecture we had catching up the teacher spoke about independent learning the slide had information about the difference between IT and IS.

We also spoke about Ethics, what is ethics well ethics more about the online world so like what people expect once they are on connected on the internet. We had a five minute class activity just to discuss a little bit of the social network, myself and my other 4 classmate we discussed about the most popular site that everyone has been talking about and that is Facebook. Well can I just say well all had different opinions about the expectations this is what some of us said:

1. Facebook is where people can keep in touch with theirs friends and families

2. Facebook is where you can find long lost friends.

3. Facebook is also a place where you can expect to be bullied.

We had a question in one of the slide stating who owns the internet??Do you know the answer to it if yes that is good and if not then please do some research. Apparently the Americans do own the internet.

WEEK 4 OF TUTORIALS

It was more about expanding our first html and spoke about web design and its content and the usability.

Week 5

The lecture in week five was about computer system and the learning outcomes of the lessons: the data capture, computer system, management information, group work, feedback of group work.

So data capture is when using keyboard to enter data in a form of data capture tech here are some example:

Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) and electronic forms, Speech recognition and others which I have not stated here they all have their uses and also limitations.

  • Computers system has five parts and these are
  • Tetworks,
  •  Telecommunications,
  •  software: it controls the work of hardware like Microsoft,
  • Database where information are collected and organized in such a way that a computer programmed can quickly select desired pieces of data.
  •  Hardware: printers, display screens and keyboards.

The five parts together it collects, manipulate, store and process data to information.

As a group we were asked to consider the different type of transportation and try to identify the corresponding types of public information and to also identify the number and type of computer system needed to run the system.

Week 5 tutorial.

In week five of our tutorial we had to learn more information about CSS and webpage layout.

The advantages of CSS is that it has a smaller html file size and also it ease maintenance.

How to link a CSS size <link> element in <head>…</head>

  • <link rel="stylesheet” href=“mystyle.css"
    type="text/css”>.
  •  

It is easier for you to understand this particular topic if you do some research on it you can have a look on YouTube there are many videos and examples to help you understand.

Thank you all for your time and until next time take care

BYE.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                         

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Access books from anywhere in the world!

By: ZeenatPatel

You can access any textbook from anywhere in the world! It really is that simple! If only everything was as easy it would be perfect. A guest speaker had been invited into our lecture this week to simply talk to us on how she helped in implementing a new system for Salford university library. It was rather informative, the new system implemented was associated with SOLAR which in an online library, which gives you access to any textbook anywhere in the world, by simply logging in. It’s a handy resourceful system. Perfect for when you’re abroad and have work to do, it’s immediate and effortless.

We were also told the process of implementing a new system, that wasn’t as easy as SOLAR. It’s a long process which you have to follow step by step. After all you’re replacing an old system with a new one. The first step was, writing a business case, basically the whole plan with the acquiring fund, as everything else money is always a factor. Thereafter the second step, which went onto requirement gathering and procurement process which however led to the third step the project initiation. Lastly final step the system implementation that covers the following:

Security - Security of the new system and how it will keep data secured.

Communications - The communication between system and staff working, in order for staff to know what is going on.

System Integration – The connection of components to make the system function.

Training - The training that will be provided for the staff and student that will be using this system.

Data Migration - The process of exchanging Information and Data for when updating or renewing a system.

Process Change - Changes of process between the new and old and if it would cause a problem.

By discussing the stakeholder management in depth, it made me realise how much preparation goes into the system implementation, but not just that how much time and aspects goes into building a business case. I learnt something new that a lot of different aspects needs to be taken into consideration.

If you’re in need of any textbooks, don’t waste time online looking for the correct book, something that is free of charge with the whole book available and not just a trial, go no further and go to :

http://sal-primo-production.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do

I think it’s super great and ever so useful! 

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Apple Watch Review

By: ces34

APPLE WATCH : REVIEW 

 

 

Anyone who is actually in touch with the world around them today will know that there has been a bit of commotion around one particular company recently, Apple.  Im sure you would have all heard of the new iPhone 6 and 6 plus, also known as the "ibend" or Apples new "flexible" products. These products have been trending under the hashtag #bendgate and for one reason or another apple seem to have had a bit of a slip up. However funny, or not (depending on weather you own one) the new bendy phone is not exactly what I am wanting to discuss. 

Enter APPLE WATCH....... 

Initial thoughts??? well I hated it, really, I disliked it so much I felt a bit sick just seeing it. The shape was all wrong, the digital analog time annoyed me, it looked too chunky. I want to state now before I go any further how much I love apple, How much I really love their philosophy, and how there seemed to be a magical chemistry between the late Steve Jobs and awesome Englishman who is making us all proud, Jonathan Ive. This chemistry is what I was always in awe off after watching the keynote speaks Apple do when releasing a new product. Weather this chemistry I speak of was real or something I imagined, it has definitely gone and this is how I feel about apple in general. Steve jobs had the vision  Ive made it happen with flair. It was perfect to say the least, and it was evident in all the products across the board. All the way from the app graphics to the shell of the laptop. From Mac to shuffle. perfect. 

So whats happened?? well firstly Steve pop his clogs then the magic lost its sparkle. It's still magic, just doesn't twinkle anymore. maybe its my age but my longing after the new products has just disappeared and I honestly think its down to the lack of chemistry and conviction apple are now selling their products with. 

The apple watch to a watch lover is plain and simply a sin. Maybe that makes me biased, however my love for Apple and its products was around long before my love for watches and therefor I believe my hatred for this watch runs deeper. 

So the watch itself is doesn't look great and the straps are even worse. They have even made sports straps that are all magnetic along with lurid colours. After doing a bit more research I eventually noticed the system that apple have designed to interchange straps... which slightly redeemed it self. 

It is not all bad news. The software that is completely new for the product does look amazing from the videos. By the looks of it, its all about zooming, and flicking between content with a single swipe and it does looks seamless and is impressive BUT, and there is a but... you use the so called "crown" for manoeuvring around and zooming, which I think is just wrong. 

The third main issue that I have have with the Apple watch is, What exactly is it for ??? If you own a watch and a phone it seems to me like a pointless data collecting device and this is where I feel the product can become a weapon. Now don't get it twisted I'm not sat at home fretting about how the world is doomed because of the MIGHTY Apple Watch. Its more that I don't like what can be achieved will all of the things that the watch is capable of doing. Heart rate monitor, and fingerprint scanner alone is pretty scary. Apple will soon know, Where you are, who you are with, content of phone calls, the texts you send,  along with having your fingerprints and how often you get up of your ass. Try and tell me that doesn't make you question and a touch scared about what apple have on you. Now there are definitely people sat reading this that would have not thought about it, but now its apparent they may start thinking about what they did last weekend, and there is defiantly people saying I have nothing to hide, I'm clean, take my details, it will make the world safer and maybe a little more honest. Maybe.

Maybe it will, But i think what we will actually start to see is a devision.  A devision between people who have nothing to hide/think they have nothing to hide/ don't care. And people that   shun technology and data collection for the sake of their own privacy (rightly so, mind you).

So in collusion be for I get too into the dark arts of data collection. The apple watch is not a watch its another apple device and I'm pretty sure I wouldn't have taken this tack if they had called it something other than what it is imposing as.  Apple have always performed at the top of its class and domination in other fields (operating systems,laptops,iPods) but this to me is bringing technology into a field that doesnt need it,  and should regect it, stop trying to change the world and how we live, focus on making it a better. 

 

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Blog 4 Lecture and Tutorial

By: emmanuel.ade

Hello my dear readers, unfortunately this will be the last blog post for system development. I will discuss in this blog what was covered during week 10 lectures and tutorial.

A guest speaker was invited whom lead the lecture for week 10. She discussed to my peers and I how she helped in implementing a new system for Salford university library.  The system implemented has helped me through my High education studies. The new system implemented was associated with SOLAR which acts as an online library and allows you to access Textbooks from anywhere in the world just being punching in your log in details.

The guest speaker explained what was wrong with the old system before it had to be replaced, she also talk us through step by step how the process was done starting with, writing a business case and acquiring the funds for the new system. Thereafter went on to requirement gathering and procurement process that led on to the project initiation and lastly the system implementation that covers the followings.

Data Migration - The process of exchanging Information and Data for when updating or renewing a system.

System Integration – The connection of components to make the system function.

Security - Security of the new system and how it will keep data secured.

Process Change - Changes of process between the new and old and if it would cause a problem.

Training - The training that will be provided for the staff and student that will be using this system.

Communications - The communication between system and staff working, in order for staff to know what is going on.

Stakeholder Management

By discussing this staged in depth I realised how much preparation went into the system implementation also how much time and aspects goes into building a business case. I now know a lot of different aspects needs to be taken into consideration i.e. where the machines will be kept? Also, Would we need to alter a building so the system will be installed properly? Things like this need to be taken into consideration. Before implementing a system.

Tutorial

I know I haven’t written about my tutorial classes before but the task was to create a functioning website minimum 4 pages, they was to have the following;

-       CSS styles for layout of the website.

-       HTML the language a computer understands.

We had to create the sites using Notepad++ and after doing to upload to FileZilla to make the website come online. However it wad coming to the deadline and I was nearing finishing off my website but because I wasn’t a professional I found it hard to link my pages together using notepad++. A day to the presentation day for the website I went onto YouTube and searched how I can link my sites together; I found a perfect video which talked me through how you can do so. I have not completed by website and all the pages are linked with consistency in the layout and buttons on the page. I am hereby to receive my mark, hope I have done well.

 

As it has now come to an end I hope you go away feeling more intellectual in Information Systems. Thanks you very much for reading my blog, have a lovely day.

 

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Bloog 4 - Week 10

By: bradcounsel

Week 10

Welcome to my blog

 

Today in my blog I am going to be discussing what happened in the week 10 tutorial and lecture. Firstly I am going to talk about the lecture in which we had a guest speaker which came in to talk to us about the lifecycle of implementing a system.  It is always important to plan before beginning the procedure as this allows you to think if the system needs any improvements or would need to be created from scratch. The steps explained when implementing a system are;

 

-System integration

 

-Communications

 

-Process change

 

-Training

 

-Security 

 

-Stakeholder management

 

It is important that each of the steps are considered when implementing a system to ensure that the system is up to scratch and does not fail. One of the main reasons for large IT project failures are that there hasn’t been a good development process and the implementation of the system wasn’t properly thought out along with several other key reasons such as poor or ambiguous sponsorship, confusing or changing requirements, Inadequate skills or resources and poor design or inappropriate use of new technology.

 

Week 10 Tutorial  

 

Now I am going to discuss the week 10 tutorial in which we continued working on our website prototype as this was our last session before the website needed to be online and completed for the 5th may.  Paul had gone through a few extra things which we needed to put in our websites and a quick recap of a few things which could be used as well as making sure we knew how to upload the website through Filezilla so that it would be live on the web for him to view when marking the document. I successfully finished creating my website prototype and presented this on 5th may, I received positive feedback and was impressed with the overall look and design of the website with all the links working to the correct pages and a consistent colour scheme and style throughout the webpage as this was my first real attempt at coding properly. I feel that if I ever needed to code in the future then this project would help me a lot as my skills on html and css have improved over the duration of the course and my knowledge of notepad ++ has vastly improved. However there was also a few points which were made which I needed to improve which I will take in to consideration and this well help me improve more and will be on my mind next time I am presented with a coding task in the future. However overall I am pleased with the result as this was my first real attempt at coding anything.

Thank you for reading.

Below is a link to my creative hive space.

http://creativehive.org/web/bradcounsel

 

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Blog 4

By: syedhussain

Blog 4 

Within this lecture I will be talking about what i learnt from week 10 lecture and tutorial in principles of systems devlopment.  

 

Week 10 Lecture 

 

Within the lecture we had a guest speaker who was from the salford library and was the digital library manager, her name was Angela Walker. She was going through implementation on systems, she had also explained her experience of with an old system which they needed to implement. This helps me devlop my knowlege on system implementation which has been ongoing since I started learning  about systems implementation.  

 

When considering the lifecycle of implementing a system, it is always important to plan before beginning the procedure. This allows you to think if the system needs to be improved or would need to be created from scratch. The steps which were explained when implementing a system  are: 

-System intergation 

 

-Communications 

 

-Process change 

 

-Training 

 

-Security  

 

-Stakeholder management 

 

It is vital each of the steps are considered when implementing a system or else the system would fail. Just to stay on the safe side you would consider these steps when implementing a system. Enterprises of all types can track large IT project failures to several key reasons, poor or ambiguous sponsorship, confusing or changing requirements, Inadequate skills or resources and poor design or inappropriate use of new technology.(Ditmore,2013)  

In my opion I thught it was very beneficial that Angela had shared her experience about implentation on systems as this has now allowed me devlop my knowledge on systems implementation. 

 

Week 10  Tutorial  

 

Within week 10 tutorial we had continued working on our website prototype ,also Paul had gone through a few extra which we needed to put in our websites. This was meta tags and ensure that the links are working and clear. Meta tags are used to search engines index your website such as title, description and keywords are included so it easy to look for your site. This was my first time encountering with meta tags this was something which I have not used before and knew much about. We also had to make sure that the links were working and that each link has and each was assigned to an acccess key if it was being used.  

 

I had finished creating my website prototype and was presented on 5th may , I had received positive feedback, such as good use of css and html and the layout of the website was good. However there was also a few points which were made and I needed to improve on such as the backgroind of my site was to eye catching and can distract the users from the main page. However overall I was impressed with my prototype as it was my first time using  css and html.  

 

This is a link to my website: http://posd.me.uk/students/btb405/myhtml1.html  

 

Please feel free to check the site!  

 

Refrences:  

- (Ditmore,2013)  

 

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Blog 4 - Week 10

By: BTB535

Hi guys, a big thank you to those of you who have been reading my blogs, lucky for you guys this is my last one for now, I will be back though. 

In week 10 we were lucky enough to have a guest speaker come in and talk to us about how she had helped our university library in implementing a new system. This was interesting to us as we knew the changes in systems which take place in the library are going to effect us through our university life. The system that was being implemented was associated with SOLAR our online library system. The guest speaker opened her talk to us starting with the problems which occurred with the current system before they updated it. She then went on to say how the process was done, starting with writing a business case and securing the funding for this. From there she went to requirments gathering and procurement process which led on to the project initiation, and finally the system implementation which covers many points such as:

  • Data Migration - this is the process of exchanging information/Data for when updating or renewing a system.
  • System Integration - this is bringing together the components to make the system function.
  • Security - this is the security of the system and how it will keep the data secure? 
  • Process Change - this is the change of process between the new and old and will it cause problems?
  • Training - this is the training which will be provided if needed for the staff who will be using this system.
  • Communications - is the communication between system and staff working, in order for staff to know what is going on.
  • Stakeholder Management

When we discussed this in more depth within the session personally it opened my eyes a little to actually see how much preperation, aspects and time goes into building a business case. A lot of different aspects need to be taken into consideration in order to build the case strongly. 

In week 11 we did not have a lecture due to the bank holiday, therefore for the remainder of this blog I will speak about what we were doing in our seminar.

In our seminar we were at the point of just carrying on with our websites, and Alex was helping us when we needed but it was up to us now, we have learnt what we needed in order to build a website so it was in our hands to take control and go express what we have learn over the past term. In the session during week 11 I was focussing on making my links to and from pages work without any errors and making sure my images were visible. I did struggle a little when making my website live on why my links were not working but that was due to me not correcting the link when I made it live. The reason was the link I had put was coming from my F drive, so the images and links were not working, however when I was looking into it and going over it with the help of Alex to see what the error was I realised and corrected this.

I would once again like to thank you all for reading, and for those who are approaching exam period like myself good luck! We can do this!

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Week 10 & 11

By: ryanjb19951

Week 10 & 11

In these last two weeks I had learnt a lot, especially when we had a visit from a guest speaker in our lecture on week 10. This Lecture was quite good as we got some outside information from another person. It put things more in perspective. We sat through a presentation on the lifecycles of a system implementation in Library Systems. We managed to cover a good amount of information in the session. We began this by learning how to write a business case and secure funding. It’s very important to have an overall business plan. Without a business plan, a business wouldn’t take off, especially if you need a loan from the bank. It is basically a ‘must have’ when coming down to forming a business. We also looked at what requirements and procurement we would need to gather and relate to our business case. This is also rather important as we had learnt – you need to know and understand where you stand in this case and to ensure you get the correct information. To break it down, we also went to cover the overall project initiation. PID (Project Initiation Document) is the start of the original project and is a collection of all the documents from the start of the plan.    

Talking about System Implementation in these weeks we learnt that it includes:
Data Migration, System integration, Security, Process Change, Training, Communications and Stakeholder Management. I learnt that these are all the main steps to System Implementation in the data systems within a Library. These can also be used in similar systems.

I had also learned a lot from my final weeks in my tutorials/seminars. The main last topic for these weeks was Prototype Surgery. The tutor began telling more about the <a> element in Html. This tag defines a hyperlink which is basically used to link one page to another. Another part of this element is the <a accesskey = “1” href = “…”> This key element is a very useful too that makes web pages easier to navigate as user can quickly go to another link by pressing (ALT+1 & hit ENTER) this just makes things that bit easier. This is a list of the UK Government Access Keys Standards:

·         S : Skip Navigation

·         1 : Home Page

·         2 : What’s New

·         3 : Site Map

·         4 : Search

·         5 : FAQ

·         6 : Help

·         7 : Complaints Procedure

·         8 : Terms and Conditions

·         9 : Feedback Form

·         0 : Access key details

We then went to talk about the TABINDEX attribute. This basically specifies the order of the tabs of a chosen element. This is done when the tab button is used for navigating. This is an example of it - <a tabindex = “1” href = “…”>

To end these sessions we spoke more about Meta Tags and how they deem useful. These are used to help certain search engines actually index your website. It’s the quick description below the heading in perhaps Google. 

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HTML and CSS Validation

HTML and CSS Validation

By: Zahid Tapas

HTML and CSS Validation

Hi guys, welcome back to my blog, last week I talked about how you can plan for a project and different techniques you could use and hopefully you enjoyed reading that. Today I will talk to you about validation and why you should validate code when you are creating a website. Before I started creating my website I didn’t know what validation was and now that I have validated and completed my website I thought it would be interesting to inform some of you guys as to why you should validate a website you have created.

What is Validation?

Regardless whether you design your web page using a visual web editor software like Dreamweaver  or you hand code HTML with a simple text editor such as Notepad ++, the common recommended practice is to validate your work after you have completed designing your webpage. If you don’t know what the word validating actually means it is just a technical and jargon filled way of referring to the use of a computer program or website to check that a web page is free of errors.

Why should we validate our code?

When there are errors within the web page, browsers usually try to make the website function in different ways. A few browsers may ignore the broken elements; but on the other hand some browsers make assumptions about what the web designer was trying to achieve. The problem is when search engines obtain your page; they will have to make decisions about what to do with the errors. Like browsers, different search engines (such as Google) will probably make different decisions about those errors, resulting in certain parts of your web page not functioning correctly.

Even though you may be able to create a web page that works on your favourite browser (Google Chrome of course), your page may contain HTML or CSS errors that do not show up with that browser due to an existing bug. It may work on a different browser however you would want your website to be versatile and able to work on all browsers and platforms. (Heng, 2015)

Validation further ties in nicely with what have learnt over the course of this semester because it is taking testing a step further. Testing is a big part of systems development and validating is similar to testing your website and fixing errors which could possibly make your website ineffective.

To stop people (and computers for this matter) jumping to conclusions validate and revalidate your code to ensure it remains error free! Treat your website like a triathlon, you have to train for three different events and remain versatile, ensure your website is like an athlete in training.

To finish, I will leave you with a couple of things to reflect on, firstly check my website out! http://posd.me.uk/students/btb423/ImprovedWebsite.html does it work on your favourite browser? And finally this video will help you understand validation further. Happy coding!

 

 

 

Bibliography

  1. Cdn.scherrtech.com, 2015. Web. 7 May 2015.
  2. 2.  Heng, Christopher. 'What Is HTML And CSS Validation? Should You Validate Your Web Page? (Thesitewizard.Com)'. Thesitewizard.com. 2015. Web. 7 May 2015.

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Blog 4

By: soniahamied

Hello Everyone!

I hope you’re all doing well and I also hope you’ve been getting all of your revision done for the upcoming exams! It’s coming a lot sooner than expected right? 

Week 10

Due to there being bank holiday Monday on the 4th of May, the lecture that was held on the 27th of April was in fact, the last ever lecture we have in the Principles of Systems Development module for this year.

In the week 10 lecture, a guess speaker, who if I am not mistaken was called Angela Walker, visited us. (I am really bad with remembering names! Well, most of the time LOL J). She came to talk to us about the library systems and elaborated on the practical aspects of implementing specific systems.

She briefly introduced herself to the class about who she is and what she does and then went on to showing us an example of a business case that was created for the library systems. This concerned the lifecycle of system implementation, which begins with identifying whether room for improvement could be made to existing systems to go live.

To summarise what had actually been discussed would be:

-          Writing a business case

-          The funding process behind a project and how to secure it

-          Initiating the project

-          System implementation, which can be broken down into:

o   Data migration

o   System integration

o   Communications

o   Process change

o   Training

o   Security

o   Stakeholder management

After discussing each thing in a lot of detail, I now realise and understand that creating a business case and the lifecycle of system implementation itself requires a lot of planning and requires taking a lot of things into consideration. I am also aware that once funding for a project is secured, financers cannot back out and they must stick to the project plan. Any failure to do so could lead to having a case against them.

We were also shown a Gantt chart of one of the current business projects that concerns the library systems at the university. After seeing the full chart you can see that there is a lot of things that need to be done before a certain deadline. You would be just as surprised as I was if you saw the Gantt chart that was shown to me!

At the end of the lecture, we had to fill out a survey of what we thought of the module overall and I can say with full confidence that the things that have been taught to me in the way that they have been taught have been ever so helpful. The lectures were really enjoyable and full of lots of information and the lecturers were ever so kind and very approachable :)

This week I managed to complete my prototype website. I am really happy with the way it turned out in the end. I also received some very positive feedback from Alex, along with some tips on how to improve it for next time. Website designing is something I would love to do again.

Until next time my friends! Revise hard and good luck with your exams. I know you all have the ability to achieve tremendous grades :) bye x

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Blog 4

By: Yaqoob Alkaabi

Welcome to my 4th blog.

 

I will discuss what we have been learning in week ten lecture and tutorials, the aim of week 10 lecture was to learn about the practical aspect of implementing a system, as well as that I have been taught about implementation of library system from concept to production. I have also learnt about the creation of a new system - from identifying the need to replace or improve that system through to Go Live and the move to ongoing support and business as usual.

 

We have looked at the practical system implementation such as data migration; system integration; security; process change; training; communication & stakeholder management.

 

During the session we have been taught about how to write a business case; secure funding for a project; gather client requirements & project initiation (this is a contract between the project manager and the project board, the document consists of what the project is aiming to achieve, why is it important to achieve it, who will be involved in managing the process and finally when will the project be undertaken).

 

Week 10 - Seminar

During the seminar in week 10, we learnt about Accesskeys which helps the users to jump to a particular link. I hrefs in my website these helped me to link my pages together so that the user can access to all my pages by using the navigation bar. In addition, I developed my knowledge about Meta Tags, which are used to help with Search Engine Optimization.

 

Furthermore, during the week 10 seminar we have been asked to keep building our websites, I managed to add more things into my website such as images. I also managed to make some changes to my website so that it looks more professional.

 

I think the seminar was very useful because I have managed to make some changes to my website and I received some advice from my seminar tutor regarding the design of my website and how it could be made to look more professional.

 

Week 10 Lecture

Over the past week I have been developing my knowledge of practical system implementation. When implementing a system we will have to think about the changes which can affect the entire operation of the company and it will change everyone responsibility within the company.

 

Systems implementation is “the construction of the new system and the delivery of that system into production (that is, the day-to-day business or organization operation)” (Simmons.edu, 2015).

 

When implementing a system there are a few steps that need to be considered such as design, develop & build, using the project plan the implementation team will start building a pilot system.

The second step in the process is training and testing, building on the lessons learned in the pilot system using test data migrated from the previous system. Some staff find it difficult to adapt to the new/redeveloped system, therefore the system implementer must train and teach the staff about the new system.

 

The third step is implementation and Go-Live, during this process the developer will migrate the data to the new system and all of the experience and resources of the project team are on-site and ready to make the final transition to the new system.

We have learnt about the five stages which represent distinct parts of the implementation of a project, and the ongoing activities and functions that a successfully implemented system must include. The second stage is system support, this stage provides specific recommendations for the required hardware & software.

Furthermore, the digital library manager for Salford University has told us about the issues which the old system had encountered. The new system had issues regarding staff usability – this could be resolved/avoided by providing training and testing.

 

I have personal experience of this problem. When I worked in a restaurant, they brought-in a newly developed system and failed to provide adequate staff training, so during that day we faced order delays and we had some issues using the system.

 

I think the lecture was very informative because we have been provided with information regarding why project fails and how to avoid failure in the future.

 

If you have encountered a failing system/project, comment below with details!

 

Reference List

·         Simmons.edu. (2015) system implementation. Retrieved on 07 May, 2015, from http://web.simmons.edu/~benoit/lis486/SystemsImplementation.html

 

 

 

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Meta Tags and Their Importance in Search Engine Optimisation

Meta Tags and Their Importance in Search Engine Optimisation

By: martingriffiths

Meta Tags and Their Importance in Search Engine Optimisation

 

Hey guys, thanks for checking back again. Previously we looked at how carrying out some initial planning, can help you discover whether or not your project is viable. We also covered how using tools such as Gantt charts can help you plan out the phases of your development. This enables project managers to monitor the timescales of the project and ensure that it is completed without incurring further costs due to delays.

This week we will look at web development and how improving accessibility will give all kinds of users the ability to view your content. We will also look at how some simple internet marketing techniques can increase traffic to your website and convert users into customers.

Firstly, I will start by looking at ways of improving your marketing efforts, because you’re probably wondering, what kind of features could increase the number of visitors to my website? I will start with some of the basic coding that will be required to help people find your webpages easily and get visitors to engage more with your content.

In your webpages you will have a title tag which looks a little something like this <title></title>. In between these two tags you will place some information about the content that appears on your page. According to W3Schools (2015) the title tag is used to define the title in your browser tab, provide a title for when adding a webpage to your favourites and gives a title in the search engine results. An example of this can be seen below.

title example in google results page

 

If you just use a basic heading such as “Home Page”, you’re not really describing what content a user might find on that webpage. If you are running a bakery for example, you should try to include something like “Mindy’s Bakery – Cakes, Buns and Pastry Products” This lets users know what type of content to expect on your webpage, and for those who are partially sighted or even blind, it will give these users a more descriptive audio reading.

So why is it so important? Well, when you acknowledge it’s placement in the search engine results it becomes hugely significant. It is not just humans who are looking for great content, but also robots or web crawlers. When a user makes a search query into “Google” for example, Google will then search its giant database of indexed webpages and return with relevant results.

When trying to describe the content on your webpage, you should consider looking at some relevant keywords or phrases, a good tool for this is the Google Keyword Planner. Using this tool will help you choose phrases that are frequently searched for and help your website climb in the SERPs, otherwise known as the search engine results page. Utilising these basic steps will provide the foundations for boosting your webpage to Page One of the results page.

These title tags should be continuous throughout your other webpages and be combined with the Meta description tag - <meta name=”description” content=”Your description example.”> Which is the block of text that appears below the title in the SERPS.

 

A good tip for writing your titles is that you should try to keep them to around 50-60 characters in length and for descriptions you should keep them to around 155 (Moz, 2015.). As in the example above, you can see that when using too many characters that the description falls away and provides end users with no real benefit, so try to bare that in mind.

To recap, just remember that they are a number of different users who will be searching for your website, some human and some not. Being able to provide a descriptive summary of your webpages will help your site be indexed better and appear in more search queries and also help those who are partially sighted better understand what content to expect.

Thanks for reading and check back next week where we will look into more advanced techniques such as link building to further improve your webpages search engine rankings.     

References

Moz. (2015). Meta Description. Retrieved 06th May, 2015 from https://moz.com/learn/seo/meta-description

Moz. (2015). Title Tag. Retrieved 06th May, 2015 from https://moz.com/learn/seo/title-tag

W3schools.com. (2015). HTML <title> Tag. Retrieved 06th May, 2015 from http://www.w3schools.com/tags/tag_title.asp

 

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Blog post week 10

By: martinashtereva

Hi there! Have you ever thought about the process one system goes through until it becomes the way we see it? Some of you may not and some of you may have but for those of you who are familiar with systems know that the process is called Systems Implementation. Systems Implementation is the construction of the new system and the delivery of that system into production. Every system has a lifecycle of implementation is has to go through to become useful for all users.

 

     Lecture

 In the tenth week lecture of Principles of Systems Development, the System Implementation and the processes it goes through was the main thing we talked about. The ones I’m going to focus on are Data migration, Systems integration, Security and Process change.

 

Data migration is the process of displacement data between computer systems. It is a key consideration for any system implementation.

 

Systems integration is the process of linking together different computing systems and software applications physically or functionally, to act as a coordinated whole.

 

Security is an important aspect of any system.  Security access control is the act of ensuring that an authenticated user accesses only what they are authorized to and no more. Security is the ability of a system to protect information and system resources with respect to confidentiality and integrity.

 

Process change is a formal process used to ensure that changes to a product or system are introduced in a controlled and coordinated manner.

 

 

 

    Tutorial

 

In the tenth week tutorial the two main things we talked about was the <a> element and the Meta tags. The <a> element defines a hyperlink, which is used to link from one page to another. The most important attribute of the <a> element is the href attribute, which indicates the link's destination. First you have to make sure that the link text is substantive, also you have to add a title attribute describing what the link is and where is it going.

 

The ACCESSKEY attribute specifies a shortcut key to activate an element. It allows computer users to jump to a particular link to a webpage with the keyboard.

 

The TABINDEX attribute is used to define a sequence that users follow when they use the Tab key to navigate through a page. You wouldn’t need to use this if your page already has logical tab order.

 

The Meta tags provide metadata about the HTML document. Meta tags are typically used to specify page description, keywords, author of the document, last modified, and other metadata.

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why IT project fails

By: aliabbasaliyu

Hello everyone and thank you for checking my blogs. In my prior blog, I talked about two most successful instrument models tools that engineers use in developing information system.

 Today’s blog aims to investigate the major reasons why information system project fails, although the substantial question is “why do project succeed”. As a result of this, it will be important to examine what can be accomplished to improve the chances of future project success than focusing only on projects failure. Perhaps how could you know, when and why a project failed? Some cases are apparent why others, a significant delay could be identified as a failure, yet another with a much alike delay might be seen as a success.

Project failure can be describe as when requirement are not delivered abreast to expectation. Consequently, in order to succeed, a project must deliver to the advantage of the business case presented by the organisation. For instance, project may still be a failure even if it delivered everything in the details project design because it didn't include essential feature of stakeholders need. Similarly, a project can be considered a success, if key stakeholders agree that a project need to surpass its initial budget. The diagram below illustrate the major causes of project failure and their percentage of much they intends to occur.

1431001649-projectfailure.jpg

 

 

Avoiding the following pitfalls could ensure in project success:

1.       Lack of stakeholders management: Stakeholders are not examine from the perspective of their influence could make the project fail although building a tolerant and trustworthy relationship with the stakeholders is important to a successful outcome of the project. Failure to identify and meet stakeholders, for example allowing one stakeholder to dominate the project while discarding the needs of others. For this reason, an effective communication channel intends to solve the issues.

2.       Insufficient communication: More often contact with sponsors is very important in avoiding the communication breakdown that can derail the project. Some common mistake are when roles and responsibilities are not recognize or effectively communicated to stakeholders, no records of oral communication, national specifics are not taking into account and when meetings are not persuasive e.g. no agenda set.

3.       Lack sufficient planning: No adequate project introduction or planning phases at all even though project planning is one of the most important factors in project success. More mistakes are not spending enough time and effort in planning, unclear roles and responsibilities leads to confusion and change request handled informally without examination.

4.       Deficit of methodology and tools: Successful projects are based on a methodology that includes project-management tools intends to improve accuracy and save time. Common mistake are no tracking of project when published which allow issues surfaced, believing that they are behind schedule and will catch up later and no backward-looking of the process and no analysis of its gaps or requirement

 

Improving the success rate of information system projects is possible by putting significantly more focus on general-management activities.

 

Reference:

1.       IBM system magazine, 2012,

                           Seven Reasons IT Projects Fail,

                         Available at: http://www.ibmsystemsmag.com/power/Systems-Management/Workload-Management/project_pitfalls/?page=3

                           Date accessed at 05/05/2015

2.       Slideshare, 2014,

           10 reasons why projects fail or common mistakes to avoid,

           Available at: http://www.slideshare.net/MariannaAlmakaieva/10-reasons-why-projects-fail-or-common-mistakes-to-avoid  

                    Date accessed at 05/05/2015

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Assessment 1 - Blog 4

By: David Tonge

  Blog 4 - Due 07/05/2015

 

Hello, and welcome to my 4th blog post. In this blog, I will be discussing my lecture & seminar in Week 10 of Principles of Systems Development.

 

Week 10 - Seminar

During the Week 10 Seminar, we were reminded of the use A Elements (used to add a Title to a webpage, for example), Accesskeys – these are used to aid screen reader-users & keyboard accessibility as their main use if to define “…a shortcut to the specified destination.” (WebAIM, 2013).

 

Additionally, we were reminded about the usage of, and way to add Tab Indexes and Meta Tags to our website for Assessment 2 – the use of which would also aid keyboard accessibility and search engine optimisation.

 

The remainder of the Week 10 Seminar was spent by allowing students to ask questions about/ for help with their URL Project websites. Both Paul & Alex circulated, aiding several students with any problems they may have encountered during the creation of their websites.

 

This was really useful as I personally was able to ask Paul Delaney about any recommendations he had to improve my website (such as, his thoughts on the previous colour scheme of my website and how it could be improved to aid both user readability and maintain a professional look) and how to properly submit my website how to Turnitin, which I did several days later.

 

Week 10 - Lecture

During my lecture in week 10, the digital library manager for Salford University came to talk about all of the stages needed & undertaken to create; finalise & implement a new system throughout the libraries at The University of Salford.

 

These stages included physically creating a Business Case (listing what the new system will do, what it will do & how it will do it); securing funding for the project; acquiring the requirements of a client(s); the Project Initiation Stage (this document, amongst other things, “Defines the roles and responsibilities of project participants” (MindTools, 2015)).

 

I think this document is extremely important as it is important that every member of a project team is aware of exactly what they are required, how they are required to do it & by when it has to be done.

 

In addition, we were also told about the other main stages of System Implementation - including integrating the new system itself; keeping user data secure; training staff & communicating with users and staff.



I found this part of the lecture very interesting as it was useful to see the topics learnt in the previous few weeks (relating to systems planning, development & installation) used in a real-life situation. This helped me to realise the true effects of each stage during systems creation and exactly what steps & stages are needed to produce and install a new system into an organisation.

 

We also learnt about why an NHS IT Project failed – this was partly due to “…poor strategy and business planning.” (ComputerWeekly.com, 2010).

 

The question is, why do other projects fail?

If you have experienced a failing project, comment below!
 

 

Reference List

·         MindTools. (2015). Project Initiation Documents. Retrieved 4th May, 2015 from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newPPM_85.htm

·         ComputerWeekly. (2010). Six reasons why the NHS National Programme for IR failed. Retrieved 4th May, 2015 from http://www.computerweekly.com/opinion/Six-reasons-why-the-NHS-National-Programme-for-IT-failed

·         WebAIM. (2013). Keyboard Accessibility. Retrieved 4th May, 2015 from http://webaim.org/techniques/keyboard/accesskey

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Blog 4

By: JordanGlaze

Week 10 Lecture

In this lecture we had guest speaker who discussed with us the practical aspect of implementation which seemed very intriguing and I thought that I could learn a lot from someone who has implemented first hand. She took us step by step through the process and started off by talking about how you identify your problem and began to look at whether you needed to change the system completely or to improve it, in her case she was looking to change the system due to new hardware coming into the Library at which she worked, therefore once this was recognised they could then look about making a business document which contains all the details of what was needed and then look to find funding for the project. The funding could come from local/UK source or you can go global and get funding from someone from a different country, once they had found a source they would get into the legal swing of things so that if anything went wrong or didn’t work they could always go back the legal doc to protect their project. Now they have to outline of the project and the funding they can get to the initiation of the project and look towards the system implementation which can include:

• Data Migration: This is needed for the system to have all the current information on it as if it didn’t have the old information the staff would then have to regain all the old information by scratch and this would make the deadline even longer taking more time.
• System Integration
• Security
• Process Change: The process will change and that could become a problem for staff who were used to the old system, this links with training as if they don’t understand it then the system becomes useless.
• Training: In terms of training it is needed to make sure that once the new system is implemented that the staff who worked there can use it, as if they can use it then they won’t be able to get the best out the new system and therefore it would be a wasted investment so thorough training is required.
• Communications
• Stakeholder Management

Once all these stages have been planned and implemented then the new system can be used, but she also went onto mention the on-going support for a set time before you can go the business as usual stage.

Week 10 Tutorial:

A short tutorial in which we mainly carried on developing our website but we first started by looking at the A element and all its uses, acceskeys and how they are useful for non-visual users due to shortcuts they can provide EG: Alt-1 can be set to take you to them home page etc. These are very useful when designing a website that will be used by non-visual users. Finally we looked at Meta Tags and how the are useful for when you search for a website, they are used in terms of the search engines scan for some parts of the Meta Tag to help define your search to make it more precise for the user to find the right website.

 

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