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By: hbukhat


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By: mohannadhamed


Mohannad Hamed

Have you ever thought of including yoghurt in your diet? If you haven’t here is your chance to know about its qualities that could help your body become stronger and less prone to disease. This article is adapted from “The Benefits of Yogurt” by Elaine Magee, MPH RD from the site WebMD.

Benefit 1: Help Prevent Osteoporosis

Dr. Jeri Nieves, the director of bone density testing at New York’s Helen Hayes Hospital, had stated that the nutrients needed to prevent osteoporosis are Calcium and Vitamin D. Calcium is a nutrient that has beneficial effects on bone mass. A combination of Calcium and Vitamin D has a clear skeletal benefit. Vitamin D must be at least 400 IU per day. Some Yoghurt such as Bright Star Yoghurt contains added Vitamin D.

Benefit No. 2: Yogurt May Reduce the Risk of High Blood Pressure

A study made by Dr. Alvaro Alonso MD, PhD, a researcher from Harvard School of Public Health had stated that there is a reduction of 50% in the risk of high blood pressure among the people who eat 2-3 servings of low fat dairy a day.

Benefit No. 3: Yogurt with Active Cultures Helps the Gut

Yogurt with probiotic cultures helps the digestive system conditions. According to Jean Mayer from the US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Centre on aging at Tufts University, yoghurt helps prevent lactose intolerance, constipation, diarrhoea, colon cancer, inflammatory bowel disease and H.Pylori infection. Yoghurt enhances the body’s immune system; it optimizes the time the food takes to go through the bowel and creates good changes in the micro flora in the body.

Benefit No. 4: Yogurt with Active Cultures May Discourage Vaginal Infections

A common problem of women with diabetes is yeast infections in the vagina. A study was made with seven diabetic women who had the infection. Each consumed 6 ounces of yogurt per day with and without active cultures. Vaginal pH of the group eating yogurt with active cultures dropped from 6.0 to 4.0 pH. The women who ate yoghurt with active cultures remained at 6.0pH.

Benefit No. 5: Yogurt May Help You Feel Fuller

A study made from the University of Washington in Seattle had tested hunger, fullness and calories eaten at the next meal for 16 men and 16 women who had a 200 calorie snack. Snacks selected were semisolid yogurt, drinking yogurt, peach flavoured dairy beverage and peach juice. According to the results, the people who have chosen yoghurt snacks did not eat fewer calories at the next meal. Hunger ratings are lower and fullness rating is higher.



There are a lot of yoghurt choices in the market but the right choice must be selected in order to get all the benefits from the yoghurt selected. A good brand to choose is Bright Star Yoghurt. It contains a high dose of Vitamin D and Calcium and it has probiotics that help the body fight the bad bacteria.

Works Cited

Magee, E., 2007. The Benefits of Yogurt. [Online]
Available at:
[Accessed July 2014].



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Family Poultry: Regaining its Lost Glory

By: lzd926

In the past decades, when agricultural revolution was still the household culture of the American economy as well as many other great western nations, the value of family poultry was never underestimated. However, this notion has changed with the growth of the economy and introduction of more innovative methods of farming. Despite this undeniable change in the mode of poultry farming, it cannot be disputed that the value of family poultry, which mainly centered on indigenous chicken, remains irreplaceable.

A report released by the Food and Agricultural Organization defines family poultry as a “small-scale poultry keeping by households using family labor and, wherever possible, locally available feed resources” (FAO, n.d., para.1). Inasmuch as there has been an improved method of rearing fast maturing and high-yielding chicken, indigenous poultry has reserved its golden place in the hearts of most farmers and consumers. Market values for the eggs produced by both exotic and indigenous breeds indicate that the latter fetch almost double the price of the former. In this regard, household farmers have adopted a new version of practising family poultry, where the venture has been commercialized, as opposed to the past when it only fulfilled the subsistence purpose.

In the United States, most households are now common with the characteristic of including a small space for keeping poultry, which was traditionally left for the upcountry dwellers. This is a clear evidence that people have seriously decided to adopt the practise, which has been found to be exceedingly profitable, even as the prices of white meat continue to rise steadily. In addition, health concerns surrounding modification of genetic makeups of the exotic poultry breeds, commonly known as GMOs, have instigated the move towards the rapid adoption of family poultry.

In light of the arguments presented above, what remains unsaid is that the emerging trend of this old style of farming can only promise to increase. As FAO provides more evidence here of the calculated benefits of family poultry, the United States can only accept that this practice is regaining its lost glory.  

Picture showing zero-grazed indigenous chicken


Adapted from











FAO (n.d.)  Small-scale poultry production.  Corporate document repository. Accessed on 10th August, 2014, from

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Help Needed for OpenCV and Visaul Basic

By: bil_salford

Need to someone to develop a program to count vehicles and estimate different interaction time from video. The work would take 5 to 6 hours of your effort. It demands knowledge ofg programming with OpenCV and visual basic c++. I need it urgently. Would you be able to help?
I am interested to pay £5 per hour as the reward for your effort . I need it urgently for my academic work

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Waste to Energy: The story of Albatross Solutions, UK. By Akwumaba Adaji

By: akumabee


Nigeriahas emerged to be the leading economy in Africa, and it is experiencing fast paced growth and development.

Infrastructural deficits are being addressed by many mushrooming businesses to meet the challenges of 21st century technology and environmental demands. One of the areas in the sights of Nigerian entrepreneurs is waste management. Their logic is simple: a lot of manufacturing and other economic activity will produce a lot of rubbish and waste which has to be efficiently and professionally disposed of.

This in turn means a lot of waste will be generated; waste that could be used if managed well could solve electricity problems in the country. Engineer Steven said ‘In Nigeria one hundred and twenty tons of household waste produced in a day can generate electricity for more than ten thousand homes’. This is the information gathered while interviewing Engineer Steven and Author Nwachukwu who are part of the management team of Green Albatross solutions, a company based in Manchester, United Kingdom.

Through technology and research, waste can be realised as a resourceful material to a country. Energy, including electricity can also be generated through innovative use of waste according to both men. Nigeria has suffered when it comes to electricity this business will help the citizens and boost the economy if handled properly.

To Nigerians waste is seen as not useful, but Contrary to conventional views, waste is very important to Nigeria and is a potential goldmine, if properly managed and utilised.

Nigeria with its over 150 million people, suffers from serious waste management problem. If the waste is sustained the future generation would not suffer electricity problems faced by Nigerians in recent times. This business established by these Nigerians here in the UK, has the potentials of solving the country’s profound electricity and environmental challenges.

In Nigeria, waste generation is an issue of concern that needs to be tackled.  For instance, in 2012, the Lagos state waste management authority (LAWMA) estimated that ten million people living in the state generated 9,000 tons of waste per day. Judging from the statement made by Steve and Author, this waste could have generated electricity for more than 750 thousand homes in Nigeria if the waste was accumulated and converted to electrical energy.

The implication of a leading economy is that countries would have to create innovative ways of managing waste not just because of the environment but the economic benefit that comes with it. Considering that unemployment, especially among the youth is one of Nigeria’s major problems, this business could help create jobs for vibrant youth in the country.

 Corruption poses a treat to the effectiveness of this business Despite these challenges, Arthur and Steven are not stopping their business. They sight examples of the united kingdom and other developed countries, where innovative waste management practice have made enormous benefits including agricultural and environmental gains for society, which they hope to replicate in Nigeria; and by so doing, contribute their quarter to Nigeria’s development.  


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Innovation for improved public sector performance By Akwumaba Adaji

By: akumabee

Nigeria became the leading economy in Africa on 6th April 2014 leaving South Africa behind. That is the date that the new statistical data report not only oil propels Nigeria’s economic growth telecoms, it and financial services sector joined oil extraction and processes as the engines of the growth. This new economic position has lifted Nigeria in the harnessing potentials. With technology the public sectors could be checked on their effectiveness this could be achieved through information communication technology (ICT).   

As a way of improving the functional capabilities of public sector organisations in developing countries, particularly in Nigeria, a United Kingdom based company Emerald consults limited is introducing a human resource (HR) solution that will help in improving human productivity.

With a strong economy like Nigeria, human capital will be essential in this development of additional skills; information technology is one of the sectors of the Nigerian economy that made it stand out. This business aims at using ICT to improve the public sector of the country.

For instance, the company has developed bar-code identification card and an innovative employee log in system that uses fingerprint for authorisation. This invention is new to the Nigerian market, According to the managing director Kelechi Ekuma, ‘this will help reduce instances of truancy and absenteeism, because the employees Identification Cards are personalized.  Because it is personalised [two people can never have the same finger print] the system tracks going and returning form breaks. If a company worker does not come to work two consecutive days without prior official permission the system automatically sends a report to the admin of the company were the technology is installed, which would lead to appropriate sanctions.

This will not only increase productivity, but also help curb corruption in the public sector, especially within the Nigerian context.  

Using Information communication technology (ICT) to advance development, the target of this business is public sectors, multi nationals, and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in developing countries.  It is Emerald’s philosophy that some of the negative consequences of globalization can be mitigated through the effective use of ICT and making technology meaningful. This according to the Kelechi, gives people meaningful options, ensuring that public institutions and governments become more responsible and responsive to the needs of the people through innovative use of technology to fight corruption and other vices in the public sector.

Nigeria’s greatest hindrance to rapid development is perhaps, the lack of capacity, especially in the public sector. According to him, ‘Nigeria currently experiences profound institutional incapacities; there is no enough capability to drive the development agenda - this is where Emerald Consults come in.

This kind of technology is among the first of its kind that will be introduced in the Nigerian system.

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Akwa’ba dolls, a Ghanaian symbol of fertility. By Akwumaba Adaji

By: akumabee

A West African artist, Ifeoma Opalanzekwe described her artwork as a reflection of the original akwa’ba dolls from Ghana. This dolls are said to have a spiritual and magical powers attached to it. She said this during her arts exhibition held at the Media City of University of Salford, Manchester.

The title of her work “Akwa’ba dolls”also known as Fertility dolls was the inspiration for the Artwork. These dolls originated from the Ancient System of the Ashante people of Ghana, the symbol is known for its religious and magical powers. Legend has it that everywoman yearning to conceive a child, if the symbol is carried and treated like a child the woman will conceive. 

The painting was done on convas and wood. The circular faces on the painting are the representation of the “Akwa’ba dolls”. This painting is a recreation of the original wood sculpture of the dolls,the space given to each painting influenced the work, the setup and display of the exhibition was done brilliantly.

Through the link of Action painting Ifeoma Opalanzekwe is trying to relate Eupean Art to African Art. Action painting is the dripping and throwing of paint on convas this is done with a lot of energy.


Opalanzekwe who is an MA student in Contemporary Fine Artssaid it was tough convincing her father to allow her pursue a post graduate programme in the field after an initial degree in Fine Arts, described arts as fulfilling.

She explained that her exhibition entitled vim, this has to do with energy and enthusiasm, which could be called gestural abstraction. For Ifeoma Opalanzekwe “VIM” is ‘the action painting in my work it is done with a lot of energy’.

 Ifeoma Opalanzekwe previously studied Fine Art as her first Degree at the University of Uyo Nigeria and presently studying MA Contemporary Fine Art. Interestingly, Opalanzekwe is a Nigerian who carried out her exhibition on Ghana’s Ashante people; she grew up in Ghana for few years.

Guests at the exhibition were delighted few of them was interviewed. James at the exhibition said, “This is an outstanding display carried out by the Artist and I hope this should create awareness both in the United Kingdom and abroad.

One of the challenges faced was trying to convince her dad to study Contemporary Fine Art, which eventually she did. A Ghanaian at the exhibition Mavis said ‘as a Ghanaian I am proud to see the representation of the dolls here and I am Ashante, the explanation is accurate and yes it is still practiced in Ghana today’.




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Britain offers support to help Nigerians at the peak of Boko Haram Insurgency. By Akwumaba Adaji

By: akumabee



The British government has offered support to Nigeria in searching for hundreds of girls abducted over a month ago in the north eastern region of Borno State.

On the 14th of April An extremist islamist organization Boko Haram attacked a girls school in the village of chibok kidnapping most of the 300 girls studying at a school.  Efforts to locate and find the girls have so fair been proved to be fruitless, several western government have offered their capabilities to help in their search. 

The Prime Minister of Britain, David Cameroon said on May 14, 2014 that ‘I can announce that we have offered Nigeria further assistance in terms of surveillance aircraft and a military team to embed with the Nigerian army in their headquarters’. Boko Haram is an extreme Islamsit organization who believes that western education is a sin, they have been destroying lives and property in Nigeria for the last five years Similar concerns have come from various quarters on the terrorist activities of Boko Haram, which has claimed responsibility for the killingof many innocent persons in Nigeria. The Nigerian government did not act fast for the rescue of the girls, which sparked a lot of criticisms and protest.

In response to the protest the western government [US, UK] offered to help find the kidnaped girls by sending military, spy plane and technical team, an offer that was recently accepted on 15th may 2014 by the president of Nigeria GoodLuck Jonathan.   


A Nigerian PHD student studying Media studies  at the University of Salford, Manchester, Taye, welcomed the intervention in an interview. According to him, “any assistance from any country is welcomed because the problem in Nigeria has become a global problem in terms of terrorism. If the Nigerian security agencies have not been able to find them and the international community including the Uk is offering to help, then it is welcome.”

Research conducted by the New YouGov found out that 54percent of the British public are in support of the United Kingdom sending troops to help Nigeria, while 33percent of the public are opposed to this and 12percent does not know. The power of the social media was evident in this campaign with the #Bringbackourgirls, which brought about international support and outcry from celebrities in US, UK and Nigeria, including Michel Obama, and David Cameron.

According to the BBC trending @marrystrawberry started the hastag in the United States of America a claim that has left many Nigerians angry. Also, in Nigeria 23rd April 2014 the Nigerian former education minister Obiageli Ezekwesill spoke at an event which Ibrahim M Abdulliahi tweeted with the #Bringbackourgirls, subsequently re-tweeted by the education minister this developments started the online campaign.

There was an interesting twist to the saga on May 12, 2014, Boko Haram released a video showing the girls kidnapped and demanding for an exchange with its members being held in prison. He also claimed that the girls had been converted to Islam.


Source of the image : BBC, 7th May 2014

This map of Nigeria shows the troubled region in red Borno and how increased attacks have left may dead.


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English region gains nationality status

English region gains nationality status

By: AlecHerron

Cornwall in the United Kingdom has been granted the minority status by the European Union, following years of campaigning by local politicians and citizens of the region.


The UK’s most southwesterly ‘county’ - the geopolitical administrative system of the country - now holds the same status in Europe as Asturias, Catalonia and the Basque country.


Dick Cole, leader of Mebyon Kernow - meaning 'Sons of Cornwall' - a political party who campaign for further devolution for the region, told the BBC:


“A lot of people have been working for many years to get Cornwall the recognition other Celtic people of the UK already receive.”


"We are proud of our history and our unique language and look forward to the day when these feature as regular subjects on school timetables and are spoken of by Cornish people as a way of life."


The decision ensures that government must consider the people of Cornwall when making key decisions, affording them the same protections as those already enjoyed by the other British nationalities of Scottish, Welsh and Irish.


Cornwall, whose people and language take the demonym ‘Cornish’, has a population of 536,000 making it the ninth least populated of England’s 48 counties and is considered to be the last to have been annexed by the English crown.


In the last two decades the Cornish language, a Celtic Brittonic language which had been made extinct by the end of the 19th century, has enjoyed strong revival efforts and can now claim to have over 557 who speak it as their first language and more than 2000 who speak Cornish secondary, thanks to efforts to teach the language in schools and a an agreed standard written form devised in 2008.


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Permaculture day celebrates green living in Manchester

Permaculture day celebrates green living in Manchester

By: AlecHerron

Permaculture projects gather in the world’s first industrial city to celebrate green living.


Leaders of permaculture groups across the north of England gathered this Saturday in Manchester to mark the growing number of sustainable living projects in the region.


Permaculture is the sustainable use of materials in an environment that minimises waste and leads ot a healthier lifestyle.


The gathering of over 10 different projects took place at the Fallowfield Secret Garden, an inner city renovation project turning a former wasteland between government housing into a community space that aims to teach local people how to live within permaculture guidelines.


The event was attended by local musician and Happy Mondays dancer Bez who heaped praise on the efforts of the project leaders: “It's just love here. It's amazing to see people doing something so incredible in my own town. I give my support fully to this project, this is the way we need to be living, man, healthy."


Bez, famed for his partying and drug-use in with his 1980's 'Madchester' indie group has recently founded the ‘Reality’ political party, which holds promotion of sustainable living as one of its core policies: “We're looking to start a revolution man, we're fed up of all this bullshit politicians are feeding us. You know, what they're doing with this fracking is terrible...


"When I get in [to power], I'll change all that, I'll provide free drinking water, free energy and free food."


Fallowfied Secret Garden project leader Colin Bennett said he has taken inspiration for the renovation of the abandoned green space from similar initiatives in Spain: “There are loads of amazing permaculture projects [in Spain[, particularly in the north. My friend has just come back from spending a few months in Galicia and he's told me all about his experience on a similar project to ours there. I'm looking into making a trip there as soon as I can."


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Iron Maiden beer creates jobs in the UK

Iron Maiden beer creates jobs in the UK

By: AlecHerron

An Iron Maiden-inspired beer is creating job for Manchester-based brewery Robinsons.


More than 285,000 litres of ‘Trooper’ - the beer named after the heavy metal band’s 1983 hit, have been drank in 40 different countries including Spain. The unexpected boom in export sales means brewer Robinson will take on extra staff.


The ‘traditional English ale’  as described on Robinson’s website, was created alongside the band’s lead singer Bruce Dickinson who describes himself as a “lifelong fan of traditional English ale.” Ale is a type of beer that’s fermented with the yeast floating on top, as opposed to lager, in which the yeast sinks to the bottom during fermentation.


I have to say that I was very nervous: Robinsons are the only people I have had to audition for in 30 years. Their magic has been to create the alchemical wedding of flavour and texture that is Trooper. I love it." Says Dickinson on the beer’s official website.


Unemployment in Greater Manchester stands at just under 8%, almost 1% higher than the national average.


Manchester has a strong tradition of ale brewing. The city is home to several large brewerers of all types of beers and the Manchester Winter Ales Festival was recently named the 'Second best beer festival in the world' by review site Chilli Sauce.


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UK's largest co-operative makes €3.06 billion loss

UK's largest co-operative makes €3.06 billion loss

By: AlecHerron

The largest co-operative in the UK, the Co-operative Group has announced an annual losses of 3.06 billion for the 2013 financial year.


The forced bailout of its banking arm cost the company €2.57 billion has been blamed, alongside poor governance.


The Manchester-based organisation is the 22nd largest co-operative in the world with a revenue of €11.08 billion, more than €5.8 billion less than 17th largest Mondragon from the Basque Country.


Speaking to the Manchester Evening News, Richard Pennycrook the interim Chief Executive said: "These results should serve as a wake-up call to anyone who doubts just how serious the challenges we face are."


Following the losses, the company have been unable to confirm that job losses would be forthcoming.


The Co-operative Group is one of the largest employers in the UK with over 100,000 staff employed across its many services, which include; supermarkets, travel insurance, funeral care and pharmacies, over 20,000 more than Mondragon.


The UK has received the second highest number of Spanish migrants since the financial crisis began. It is now estimated that over 150,000 are currently residing on the shores Europe’s second largest economy after Germany, which received the most.


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By: kakaking

Over the years, when people think of a healthy brand of alcoholic drink, red wine tops other brands of alcohol.

Some doctors and scientists believe that red wine helps to protect the heart and blood vessels, prevent the blood from clothing and minimizes bad cholesterol. Red wine contains resveratrol. The urban dictionary clearly defines Resveratrol is a polyphenol compound found in certain plants and in red wine, which has antioxidant properties and has been investigated for possible anti- caranogenic.

According to BBC, Prof Richard Semba, of the Johns Hopkins University school of Medicine and colleagues decided to conduct a research survey by choosing two towns in Tuscany and 783 elderly people volunteered to take part in the survey in the year 1998. During the duration of the study, 268 men and women died 174 had heart disease while 34 got cancer.

In his research, resveratrol was not linked to any of the hazards that happened to the volunteers. Prof Semba said, " the benefits of drinking wine must come from other shared ingredients. It is not clear how much you eat or how often you drink".

A nurse at the British Heart Foundation also told BBC that, "the results of this study will not change the dietary advice we provide. people should continue to eat plenty of fruit ,vegetables and whole grains".


by Kaka Edukugho

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By: kakaking

The Chinese premier and the presidents of Kenya, Uganda, South Sudan and Burundi agree on $3.8bn project to construct a railway within the four African countries.

The conference was held in Kenyan's capital, Nairobi where the deal was signed by the Chinese premier Li Keqiang during his visit on Sunday and witnessed by the four east African presidents.

According to Al-jazeera, Kenya's president, Uhuru Kenyatta informed the press conference that, "the cost of moving our people and our goods across our borders will fall sharply".

Exim bank of China will provide 90 percent of the financial cost to the railway construction project, and Kenya will provide the remaining 10 percent.

Construction will commence in October with China Communications Constructions and china road as the main contractor and will take almost four years to finalize according to Al-jazeera, the AFP news agency reported.

Known to be the second largest economy in the world, China has become close friends to African countries by investing in them. Other African countries China has helped economically are Nigeria, Ethiopia, Angola, Tanzania, Republic of Congo and South Africa.

Li Keqiang according to Al-jazeera told the conference in Kenya that the construction of the railway would "demonstrate that there is equal co-operation and mutual benefit between East Africa and China and the railway is very important part of transport infrastructure development.



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By: kakaking




A research student paper shows that one in five students at universities used prescription tablets to assist their concentration while reading.

According to the Huffington post, NHS describes one of the study drugs widely used by students is Modafinil. Modafinil is a central nervous stimulant which works by preventing excessive sleepiness during working hours.

The drug can also cause side effects like high blood pressure, decrease in breathing, mental depression, memory problems, uncontrolled movement of the face, mouth and tongue.

Students have often used the drug to help them study for examinations or aptitude tests. As the leading university in the UK, the research shows that oxford university use the drugs more than any other university followed by Newcastle university and in third place Leeds university.

The university of Manchester was placed 7th. The research also showed the students who use the drugs constantly based on departments are those who study Architecture.

According to the tab, students who use the drugs regularly usually needed to urinate more often or the inability to sleep.

In a phone interview with one of the students of Newcastle university, Thelma Mortey, a final year student of the department of Law she says, "I have used the drug and it was just wonderful. I was able to study well apart from exam pressure but also because my course  requires a whole lot of concentration. " she also added that," i have not witnessed any side effect though and i wish i do not but i would highly recommend the drugs because it helped me alot".

Another student from the university of Manchester, studying accounting also claimed that "Modafinil has helped me so much in reading. I take the medication up to 2-6 times daily especially when i want to study".

by kaka Edukugho

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By: kakaking


Locals in the area of Kala-balge, have formed a vigilante group to protect themselves and families against Boko Haram as residents decided to take matters into their own hands since the Nigerian military was not doing enough to stop the attacks from the terrorists.

According to, over 400 Boko Haram terrorists attacked Kala-balge and other neighbouring villages in Borno state, Nigeria in the wee hours of Tuesday but this time, the villagers were ready for them.

With their bow and arrows, Local Dane guns, swords, stones, and charms, the villagers attacked the terrorists killing 200 Boko Haram members, apprehending prisoners and retrieving motorcycles and trucks.

An anonymous source, born in Chibok, but resides in Manchester said, "I wish I was in Chibok fighting with my people, I am sad but at the same time overwhelmed on the issue as the Nigerian government are just too slow to act right. We must fight these terrorists to get our young girls back".

The man who refused to disclose his identity was born in Chibok, Borno state, grew up in the western part of Nigeria and is now a business man here in Manchester.

More than 200 school girls from Borno state in the town of Chibok were kidnapped from their dormitories in Nigeria on April 14th. This mass abduction was as a result of the militant islamist group Boko Haram which means ," western education is a sin".

Boko Haram's leader, Abubakar Shekua threatned to sell the girls into slavery. In a video released on Monday, the leader offered to release the girls in exchange for the discharge of other members held in the Nigerian Prison.

The United States and the United kingdom are functionally involved with the Nigerian government to rescue the missing girls.


by Kaka Edukugho

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